Christoph von Dohnányi
Christoph von Dohnányi is recognized as one of the world's most distinguished conductors. He started his career as assistant to Sir George Solti in Frankfurt and after four years became the youngest General Music Director in Germany, in Lübeck in 1957. He was opera director and GMD at the Frankfurt Opera and Intendant and Chief Conductor at Hamburg State Opera. He was chief conductor at the WDR Sinfonie Orchestra in Cologne and the NDR Sinfonie Orchestra in Hamburg, as well as Principal Conductor and Artistic Adviser of the Philharmonia Orchestra in London, and Principal Guest Conductor and Musical Adviser of L'Orchestre de Paris.
Maestro von Dohnanyi served as sixth Music Director of the Cleveland Orchestra from 1984 to 2002 having been appointed Music Director Designate in 1982. He conducted the orchestra in subscription concerts, in semi-staged concert version opera performances at Severance Hall, and on domestic and international tours to Asia and Europe. He initiated a project conducting world premieres of composers from the Cleveland area. The renovation and the extension of Severance Hall, the founding of the Cleveland Orchestra Youth Orchestra and Youth Chorus were significant achievements during his era as Music Director.
He recorded numerous works with the Cleveland Orchestra: CD releases by Decca feature wide ranging repertoire with works by Mozart, Mahler, Bruckner, Dvorak, Strauss, Ives, Varese, Bartok, Adams, Ruggles, Webern, Ran, Shostakovich and all Schumann symphonies. A compilation of all Beethoven symphonies was recorded by Telarc, and a collection of all Brahms symphonies by Teldec. Live radio broadcast recordings were released by the Cleveland Orchestra, one set in celebration of the orchestra's 75th anniversary and one commemorative box upon finishing his tenure in Cleveland representing his 20 years as Music Director. In 2002 he was named the first Music Director Laureate of the Cleveland Orchestra.
Since ending his tenure in Cleveland Christoph von Dohnányi has been a regular guest conductor with the Boston Symphony, New York Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra, Pittsburgh Symphony, Chicago Symphony and Los Angeles Philharmonic, as well as the Cleveland Orchestra.
Maestro von Dohnányi is Honorary Conductor for Life of the Philharmonia Orchestra. This longstanding partnership began in 1994 when he was appointed Principal Guest Conductor and subsequently became Principal Conductor and Artistic Adviser. In addition to concerts at the South Bank Centre and in venues around England, Dohnányi and the Philharmonia have performed in Europe's musical centers like the Musikverein in Vienna, the Salzburg Festival, Amsterdam's Concertgebouw, the Lucerne Festival and in Paris at the Théâtre des Champs Elyseés. For several seasons they were in residence at the Théâtre du Châtelet presenting new productions of Strauss's Arabella, Die Frau ohne Schatten and Die schweigsame Frau, Schoenberg's Moses und Aron, Stravinsky's Oedipus Rex and Humperdinck's Hänsel und Gretel. His final tour as Principal Conductor of the Philharmonia led them to the U.S., with concerts in Miami's Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, at the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, Davies Symphony Hall in San Francisco and at the Orange County Performing Arts Center.
In summer seasons, Maestro von Dohnányi is a frequently seen guest at the Tanglewood Music Festival leading concerts with the Boston Symphony Orchestra including, among many others, the opening concert of the 75th anniversary season of Tanglewood. He conducted the Tanglewood Music Center's 2010 production of Ariadne auf Naxos and in 2013 a performance with the Tanglewood Music Center Orchestra of Mahler's Symphony no.1. At the Ravinia Festival he led the Chicago Symphony in two all Brahms programs in 2011 and a pair of all Beethoven concerts in 2013.
Last season, Mo. von Dohnányi toured with the Philharmonia Orchestra in Europe and conducted the gala concert in London celebrating the orchestra's 70th anniversary. Dohnányi conducts the Orchestre de Paris this season, and leads subscription weeks with the Cleveland Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, and the Boston, Chicago, and Sydney Symphony Orchestras. On May 8, 2016, he led a special concert marking the end of World War II in Europe, leading the Vienna Smphony Orchetra in works by Schoenberg and Beethoven.
His conducting schedule permitting, Maestro von Dohnányi also works with student orchestras of institutions like the New England Conservatory in Boston, Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, the Juilliard School in New York, the Cleveland Institute of Music and, during the summer, at the Tanglewood Music Center.
In November 2013 exceptional events marked his collaboration with the Philharmonia. By invitation of HRH Prince Charles they performed a birthday concert in Buckingham Palace with an all Wagner program, honoring the composer's 200th birthday. The University of London held a ceremony bestowing on Dohnanyi the degree of Doctor of Music, honoris causa, by the Royal Academy of Music.
He has been a frequent guest conductor in concert with the Vienna Philharmonic and at the Vienna State Opera. Herbert von Karajan and his successor Gerard Mortier invited him to the Salzburg Festival. There he led the Vienna Philharmonic in productions of Der Rosenkavalier, Salome, Cosi fan Tutte, Erwartung, Bluebeard's Castle, Die Zauberflöte, and in the world premieres of Henze's Die Bassariden and Cerha's Baal. He also led the Cleveland Orchestra in concerts at the Große Festspielhaus and Felsenreitschule in Salzburg.
For London/Decca he recorded with the Vienna Philharmonic a variety of symphonic works by Schubert, Strauss, Dvorak, Tchaikovsky, all Mendelssohn symphonies and a number of operas, including Beethoven's Fidelio, Berg's Wozzeck and Lulu, Schoenberg's Erwartung, Strauss' Salome, and Wagner's The Flying Dutchman. During opera director Alexander Pereira's tenure Dohnanyi regularly appeared at the Opernhaus Zurich conducting new productions of Strauss's Die Schweigsame Frau, Ariadne auf Naxos, Salome, Elektra, Die Frau ohne Schatten, Stravinsky's Oedipus Rex and Bartók's Bluebeard's Castle, Mozart's Idomeneo, Verdi's Un ballo in maschera, Berg's Wozzeck, Schoenberg's Moses und Aron and Wagner's The Flying Dutchman.
Maestro von Dohnányi has conducted at the world's great opera houses, including Covent Garden, La Scala, the Vienna State Opera, Berlin, Paris and in the US at the Metropolitan Opera, San Francisco Opera and Lyric Opera in Chicago. At the Vienna State Opera he conducted the new production of the Ring des Nibelungen in 1992/93. At the Deutsche Oper Berlin he led the first performance of Henzes Der junge Lord. Herbert von Karajan invited him regularly to conduct the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra.
He was invited by Wieland Wagner to conduct Tannhäuser und Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg at the Bayreuth Festival, however, after Wieland Wagner's death these contracts were not realized.
Christoph von Dohnányi was born in Berlin in 1929 and studied music in Munich, finishing his studies at the Hochschule für Musik with the award of the Richard Strauss prize of the City of Munich; and at Florida State University with his grandfather, pianist and composer Ernst von Dohnányi. He completed his studies in the US by attending a conducting class at Tanglewood in 1952.
Among his many honors Christoph von Dohnányi has received honorary doctorates of Music from the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, Oberlin College of Music, Cleveland Institute of Music, Kent State University and Case Western Reserve University, London's Royal Academy of Music, and an honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters from the Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion, and the Anti-Defamation League's Torch of Freedom Award. He is the recipient of the Goethe plaque of the city of Frankfurt, the prize of Wissenschaft and Forschung of the city of Hamburg and the Bartok medal in Hungary. He is a member of the Order of Arts and Letters of France, and received the Verdienstkreuz of the Republic of Austria and the Bundesverdienstkreuz of the Bundesrepublik Deutschland.